Fishing shops offer floats of various displacements, in all shapes and colors. From time to time, new models of floats appear on sale. However, such a large selection is not dictated by the changing fashion, Nor is it an attempt to hit the anglers' taste. Individual models of floats are designed for fishing in various venues and conditions. Klaus describes the main types of floats used to catch coarse fish, both on a regular set without a reel, and the Bologna method.
Basic float models
A float for fishing in still water – For fishing in still water with a set without a reel, floats with an elongated balsa body are suitable, with thin, sensitive plastic antenna. Lightly moving the slender float allows you to maneuver the lure very precisely and sensitively.
Float 1a for fishing in ponds and lakes with calm water. The total mass of the pellets of the load may be equal to the buoyancy of the float. The top surface of the float body will then be held by the surface tension of the water (only the antenna will protrude from the water). Displacement: 0,4-1 g.
Due to the sharp end at the top of the body, the float 1b is stationary even when the water surface is moving. This float is perfect for fishing in canals and dammed lakes with deep-sea currents, where sometimes you need to pull up the kit. Displacement: 1-2 g.
Load diagram: Chain made of small and medium bar weights (1a) or tear-weight 100 cm above the hook and pellets no 10, evenly spaced between the teardrop and the leader (1 b).
A float for fishing in the wind – The float movement is transferred to the bait. In the case of floats with a low body and a long "neck", the body of the float is slightly deeper under the water and is not exposed to waves. The "neck" and antenna are slightly immersed in the water, instead they emerge between the waves (if, of course, there is no bite at that time),
The float 2a is suitable for fishing in still water, for example deep lakes or river ports. This float is an ideal signal for lifted bream or tench bites (immediately puts on the water). Displacement:1-2g.
Float 2b has a slightly more compact structure and is intended for fishing in lakes and canals with deep-sea currents, and also in rivers with a very weak current, when from time to time you need to hold down the draining set. An exceptionally long keel stabilizes the float's behavior in the water. Displacement:1,5-2,5 g.
Load diagram: Tear-weight approx 1-1,5 m above the hook, below four or five pellets no 8-10, evenly spaced between the teardrop and the leader.
A float for fishing in flowing water – When fishing in the river with a rig without a reel, the bait must be properly guided. Floating the float, holding, re-draining, holding again. The behavior of the float is transferred to the bait. A drop-body float with a fairly long keel is best for hold-down fishing.
Float 3a, with an elongated drop-shaped body, is a classic roach float for slowly flowing rivers with a relatively quiet surface. Displacement:1,5-3 g.
Float 3b is more universal. It is shorter and has a more barrel-shaped body, it is also suitable for fishing in faster current and with the moving water surface. Due to the tapering of the body, it is a sensitive bite indicator when fishing for hold-down flow. Displacement:2-4 g.
Load diagram: Drop-shaped weight approx. 60-80 cm above the hook, below 3-4 pellets no 8-6, clamped on 20-30 cm of the fishing line.
Float for fishing in the current – In rivers with strong or medium currents, the bait led by the rod must be constantly braked, and sometimes even held in one place longer. A long keel float and a compact drop-shaped or pear-shaped body are ideal for this type of fishing.
Float 4a is the author's favorite model for current fishing. The high location of the eyelet to pull the line through makes it, that the float body does not come out of the water even with longer holdings of the set. It reacts extremely sensitively to even the most delicate bites of a fish. Displacement:3- 6 g.
Float 4b is slightly shorter. The body is more compact, therefore it is perfect for fishing for bream with the weight of the load lying on the bottom. The line passes through the hole in the body of the float (under heavy loads, the small outer line eyelet would be pulled out of the float body). Displacement:4- 8 g.
Load diagram: One drop-shaped weight and – if it is necessary – also pellets concentrated in one place above the leader.