Where to look for perch?
It is common, however, in some regions the flowing waters have almost completely disappeared. It lives in almost all natural waters and ponds. Avoids trout headlands and watercourses with brisk and cooler water. Basically, it belongs to the fish that live at greater depths, therefore he found very good conditions in dam reservoirs, in which it has become an attractive fish to be caught by a rod. In spring we find it in shallower waters, for the winter it pulls you into deeper parts. It willingly inhabits places full of hideouts. In the fall, it generally sticks to coastal areas. In other seasons, in search of food, it penetrates all layers of water. You can expect it mainly there, where there are herds of small fish. Large perches are always near various hiding places. In dam reservoirs, the fish usually stay in the depths, from where he takes trips to the shallows. Steep, rocky shores, perches usually stand near larger boulders and in recesses and crevices in underwater rocks. During the day, the perch is constantly in motion. Therefore, if you do not get a bite in one place, you should move to another fishery. It happens, that the bites, intense at first, suddenly they stop. You should then try to locate the perch carefully and check, are they taking at the bottom, or in the upper layers of the water. You can easily catch a perch, the problem is rather to find where it is feeding. We look for perch in oxbow lakes, in the depressions of the river bed, under the weirs, at the mouths of tributaries, under bridges at pillars etc.. In lakes, individuals 15-20 cm in size usually live in the coastal zone, large specimens in the deep - above the slopes of underwater hills and around them, at sunken trunks and other obstacles.
When to catch a perch?
The perch feeds all year round. It takes best after spawning (until June), and then from August to the first frost. During the summer time, On sunny days, you can only catch it occasionally. All day long in spring and fall, in summer, possibly early in the morning and late in the evening, if it's cool and windy. Early fall is best then, when the morning fog hangs over the water and in the early morning until sunrise.
Equipment for catching perch.
Normal and light rod, line 0.20-0.25 mm, hooks 4 — 1/0, well-balanced float, fly fishing kit and spinning equipment, pilkery, streamers and wobblers, marmalade, tin fish.
Methods of catching perch.
On a flow with a float (earthworms in spring, small livestock, also a small perch), for an appetizer with and without a float (on earthworms, small livestock), the method of lowering and lifting the bait (on two leaders with a final weight), all kinds of perch baits can be used (of animal origin), spinningowanie (a spinner or a fish on a system) - in summer, closer to the water surface, and in other periods closer to the bottom, vertical spinning, pulled artificial bow tie or red yarn hook. Although using a pilker is considered by orthodox "spinners."” too primitive, it is a method though, which requires more intuition and experience than ordinary spinning.
In Poland, for fishing for perch made of ice, marmosets and tin fish are also used on a special set of winter ice fishing rod.
Animal only, e.g.. earthworms, volunteers, fish, leeches or pieces thereof. Rotary spinners, e.g.. typu Mepps. Flies - nymphs. Marmyszka, on which we put the eye of the first caught perch. If we have enough lungworms or live animals while we are fishing, you can, starting the catch, test their effectiveness. In the absence of good baits, we can successfully use pieces of perch meat. We know the adage: if you want to catch a perch, take perch as bait.
The perch is a predatory fish, voracious and greedy. He lives in herds, which consist of fish of similar age and size. The perches are the older they are, the smaller the herds; old specimens are loners, and very careful. The most frequently caught perches weigh 0.3-0.5 kg. Heavier examples are rare. Perch has very tasty flesh. If he has enough food, it grows quite fast, as long as it is not a dwarf form. In ponds and in trout waters, it is undesirable and combated. It is of great economic and sporting importance. Small perches are very good lures for most predators; when arming them, the dorsal fin should not be cut. Feeding before catching perch is desirable and effective, if we do this for a long time, systematically and at the same time of the day. When fishing, we spread the groundbait, to bring small fish to the fishery, which are usually followed by perches. The perch must be towed carefully, because it has a delicate muzzle. Use sensitive tackle and very small lures when fishing for a by-shore pass in the fall. You can get a view from time to time, that there are only small perches in some waters. This is not true, because there, where are the little perches, there are also, for sure, large pieces, only cautious and cunning. In the lakes, where the perch is the leading species, the most effective method of catching it is vertical spinning with the use of pilkers.
In Poland, the perch is also a ubiquitous species, although in recent years its stock has been declining rapidly as a result of contamination of flowing waters and eutrophication of lakes.