There are two types of match floats. Some connect to the line at two points (on the left); the second, wagglery, connect to the line only through the eyelet at the end of the keel and are suitable for casting even over long distances.
The most important English floats for the distance method. Several books could be written about English floats. With all their diversity, these floats can be divided into two basic types (drawing). Floats with two attachment points to the line for fishing in the current resemble the shape of floats used for fishing, set without a reel or Bologna method. However, these floats are more stable and have thicker antennae. However, the English specialty are waggler floats, connecting to the line only in one place (through the eyelet at the end of the float keel). When fishing in still or slow flowing water, a waggler set up has many advantages. It allows you to make long casts without the fear of the float or leader getting tangled in the main line. The basic mass of the load may be the float's own load; there are only a few small pellets between the float and the hook, making the whole set extremely sensitive. The line between the float and the rod tip can be easily submerged in the water, so the set almost completely stops responding to gusts of wind. English pellets have a well-defined mass. The approximate displacement is therefore given on most floats (in English numbering), which greatly facilitates the quick and precise balancing of the float.
The English markings correspond to the following values in grams:
For example, a float with a displacement 4 AAA is precisely balanced after crimping four pellets with a weight on the line 0,81 g (the total mass of the load is 3,24 g).
In practice, AAA pellets are the most important. BB. No 3 i No 8. because they can be easily combined with each other (the weight of each type of pellet is reduced by about half).
A stick float – Let's start with stick floats (in free translation from English, stick means a stick, the cane). These floats are long, slender and allow the lure to be guided fully in a slow or medium current of the river. The line is attached with two elastic bands – at the end of the antenna and at the bottom of the float.
The 1a float is a stick with a balsa top and a plastic keel. Massive and heavy keel (in traditional sticks made of tonkin) it balances part of the float displacement, so you can throw it far. A few small pellets on the line do not prevent the lure from falling naturally in the water current. Displacement: mostly from 0,5 do 1,2 g.
Float 1b is a so-called wire stick with a wire keel (wire is a wire). With a similar load, the float is more stable than the original stick with the same displacement (especially in faster currents and with a shaky water surface). The wire stick is suitable for fishing with a light hold on the go. Displacement: mostly from 0,5 do 1,2 g.
The second type of floats are in the current of the river. English specialists use them mainly for catching chub and barbels using the hold-down distance flow method (they usually use moving spool reels). The most popular are models with "carrots"” balsa bodies and thick antennae, well visible even from a long distance.
The 2a float is a classic English avon float for flowing water (Avon is the name of a famous English river). The keel and antennae are made of a piece of tonkin, while the body is made of balsa. Newer models have a wire or plastic keel. Displacement:2 do 3,2 g.
Float 2b is chubber, named after the fish, for which it was invented (chub is a chub in English). This float reacts poorly even to "live" swirls of the surface layers of water. The large, displacement head allows you to even fish with such lures, like pieces of bread or luncheon lunches. The weighting brass keel additionally improves the stability of the float in the water current. Displacement:2 do 7 g.
The most popular English floats are undoubtedly the waggler floats. The simplest models resemble the long, an evenly thin stick. The fishing line is pulled through the lug ending the bottom of the float. A suitable ground is set by clamping the lugs of the pellet float on the line on both sides (one or two). These pellets constitute approx 80 percentage of total projecting mass.
The float 3a is a waggler made of peacock alloy (peacock-waggler). Most English competitive anglers prefer a feather-light float (in the literal sense of the words) material, also characterized by high displacement and good behavior in the air during the throw. This float is mainly used in flowing water, because it 'pulls great” behind you, the lure moving along the bottom. Displacement:1.6 do 3,2 g.
Float 3b is a peacock feather with attached antenna (insert waggler) sensitive to even the slightest bites. Suitable for low current fishing, especially when fishing with a small amount of weight on the line (the bait naturally falling in the water). Displacement 0.8 do 2 g.